The Czar produced one of these once, but it was centuries ago before we knew much about the atmosphere. Basically, we had it divided into Oceans of Blood of the Disloyal, Stuff you Breathe, Smoke From Fire of Burning Lands, Angels and Winged Demons, Things That Portend Bad Things, and so on.
This is a little more scientific, but it is too large to link here as a graphic! It really is at scale.
So click here, and learn a lot in an easy way.